Flywheel on Car Engines: Functions and How It Works
Do you know what a flywheel is on a car engine? The flywheel is a very important component in a manual transmission car. This component keeps moving all the time to ensure the car is well controlled.
So, if you are curious to know more about the flywheel, from its function to how it works, check out the article below.
Flywheel Function for Cars
As explained above, the flywheel is a component that must be present in a manual car. Flywheel on the car serves to rotate the engine. The flywheel is the first location where the car engine rotates when the car engine is turned on. Apart from turning the engine, the flywheel also has other functions, namely:
1. Saving Mechanical Power
Not only rotates the engine, the function of the flywheel is to store mechanical energy to balance the engine so that it continues to have good performance. Mechanical power is the energy created when the engine is running. The flywheel works to balance the mechanical power by storing it.
2. Connecting Components to the Clutch
In manual cars, the clutch is a very vital component. The clutch is useful for running the engine and the components in it. In this case, the flywheel functions as a place to install the clutch and connect the components contained in the clutch.
3. Balancing the Engine Speed
Another function of the flywheel is to balance the engine speed. It also plays a role in inhibiting the supply of mechanical energy and transmitting rotational energy from the piston to the engine parts. With the flywheel, the engine rotation of the car will be more stable.
How Flywheels Work
The flywheel works by storing mechanical energy generated by torque and then releasing this energy by rotating the engine. When saving mechanical energy, the engine speed will increase. And when mechanical energy is released, the stability of the engine speed will be maintained properly. The machine can rotate stably.
Mechanical energy is transferred to the flywheel via torque which causes an increase in rotational speed. This is what allows energy to be stored. Vice versa, when the flywheel releases stored energy, the flywheel rotates the mechanical load to maintain the stability of the rotation of the engine.
Advantages of Flywheels
Some of the advantages of flywheel components compared to batteries in general include:
- More durable
- Can store more energy
- Easy maintenance
- Easy to run and operate
Flywheel has various types that are useful for the movement of car engine performance, especially in manual cars. Here are the types:
1. High Speed Flywheel
This type of flywheel has a high speed, ranging from 30,000 rpm to 60,000 rpm. High-speed flywheel contains magnetic levitation with a relatively light weight. Maintenance of high speed flywheels is very easy, but they are quite expensive.
2. Low Speed Flywheel
When compared to high speed flywheels, this type of flywheel has a low speed of 10,000 rpm. This type of flywheel is quite heavy and large, so regular maintenance is required. For installation, the low speed flywheel needs concrete construction to support its weight. Because they do not use magnetic levitation bearings, low-speed flywheels cost less.
Those are some explanations about the function, how it works, types, and the advantages of the flywheel on a car that you should know. Hope it is useful for car owner!