How Does a Hybrid Car Work Based on Its Type?
21 November, 2022
If you want to choose a fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly car, you may want to consider purchasing a hybrid car. The workings of hybrid cars use two power sources, namely fuel and electricity. Hence, hybrid cars seem to be a perfect solution for today's car needs.
A hybrid car is a type of car that uses a propulsion system with two energy sources, namely a gasoline engine and electricity from a battery processed by an electric motor. The combination of the use of these two energy sources is believed to be able to produce higher efficiency than conventional engines.
As well as having higher fuel efficiency, citing the otomotif.tempo.co news website, hybrid cars are also believed to be able to reduce air pollution by up to 90%. Not only that, but this type of car also has lower maintenance costs when compared to conventional cars.
In general, hybrid cars consist of three types, namely full hybrid, standard hybrid, and plug-in hybrid. Each of these types has a different way of working. Then how does hybrid car technology work, let's see the description below.
How Hybrid Cars work
Here's how a hybrid car works based on its type:
1. Full Hybrid
The way this type of hybrid car works fully uses the power and main source of energy from the gasoline engine. While the electric motor only serves to provide additional power if needed.
In a full hybrid car, the electric motor is used as the only source of driving the car when the vehicle is at low speed. This makes a full hybrid car very fuel efficient so it is very effective to use when the road is jammed.
At cruising speed, the gasoline engine and electric motor in a full hybrid car will simultaneously be used to drive the car. Meanwhile, when braking, the function of the motor from driving the wheels is to produce electric power so that it produces electricity that is stored in the battery.
2. Standard Hybrid
A hybrid car is carried out by a gasoline engine and an electric motor. The standard hybrid car works by converting the energy generated from the gasoline engine into electrical energy that is used to charge the battery.
At cruising speed, the gasoline engine will fully take over the propulsion of the car. When the battery is short of power when cruising, the generator will convert the energy generated by the gasoline engine to charge the battery.
During the braking process, the generator of the hybrid system car's motion energy will be converted into electrical energy. Meanwhile, when the car stops temporarily, the car's electronic equipment will draw power from the battery.
3. Plug-in Hybrid
Basically, the way a plug-in hybrid car works is almost the same as a hybrid vehicle. The difference is only in the larger battery capacity that allows a wider cruising range. Gasoline engines will only be activated in an emergency when the car runs out of battery power.
In this type of hybrid car, the owner can recharge the battery by charging at home or SPKLU (‘Stasiun Pengisian Kendaraan Listrik Umum’ or Public Electric Vehicle Charging Station) using this plug-in. Using a larger battery capacity makes the gasoline engine work less often.
Hybrid cars are claimed to have better fuel efficiency and are more environmentally friendly. Not only that, but hybrid technology also has minimal vibration and low engine sound as well as increased acceleration and speed.
Almaz Hybrid is a type of hybrid car that offers many advantages. Apart from being fuel efficient and environmentally friendly, this car also has smooth acceleration and engine vibration. This makes the Almaz Hybrid one of today's hybrid car choices in Indonesia.